Resiliencia y compromiso académico en estudiantes de preparatoria
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Palabras clave

resilience
academic engagement
risk-taking friends
students
high school resiliencia
compromiso académico
amigos de riesgo
estudiantes
preparatoria

Cómo citar

Gaxiola Romero, J. C., Pineda Domínguez , A. ., González Lugo, S. ., & Gaxiola Villa, E. . (2022). Resiliencia y compromiso académico en estudiantes de preparatoria. Psicumex, 12(1), 1–31. https://doi.org/10.36793/psicumex.v12i1.504

Licencia

Creative Commons License

Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0.

Derechos de autor 2022

Resumen

El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la influencia de los amigos con conductas de riesgo en el compromiso académico de estudiantes de preparatoria, y el papel moderador del nivel de las disposiciones de resiliencia en dicha relación. Se llevó a cabo una investigación de diseño longitudinal en dos tiempos (T1 y T2) con estudiantes seleccionados de tres escuelas del noroeste de México. Por medio de un cuestionario, se evaluaron las variables compromiso académico, amigos con conductas de riesgo y disposiciones a la resiliencia. Las mediciones se realizaron con un año de diferencia y en una muestra de 773 adolescentes en la primera evaluación, con una retención del 62 % en la segunda. Se llevaron a cabo análisis factoriales utilizando estimadores de máxima similitud para comprobar el ajuste del modelo y de verificación predictiva posterior. Según los resultados, tener amigos con conductas de riesgo en T1 predice negativamente el compromiso académico de los participantes en T2 (β = -0.335, p <0 .001); mientras que las disposiciones a la resiliencia moderan el efecto negativo de tener amigos con conductas de riesgo en el compromiso académico (β = 0.084, p = 0.002). Se discute la pertinencia de promover las disposiciones a la resiliencia en adolescentes que habitan en contextos donde pueden relacionarse con amigos de riesgo, con el fin de mantener su compromiso académico a pesar de dicho riesgo.

https://doi.org/10.36793/psicumex.v12i1.504
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