Rumiación cognitiva y su relación con las psicopatologías internalizantes: Una Revisión Sistemática
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Palabras clave

systematic review
cognitive rumination
anxiety
depression
somatization revision sistematica
rumiacion cognitiva
ansiedad
depresion
somatizacion

Cómo citar

Toro, R. A., Vulbuena-Martin, M., Riveros-Lopez, D., Zapata-Orjuela, M., & Florez-Tovar, A. (2020). Rumiación cognitiva y su relación con las psicopatologías internalizantes: Una Revisión Sistemática. Psicumex, 10(2), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.36793/psicumex.v10i2.345

Resumen

La Rumiación Cognitiva (RC), es un estilo de respuesta cognitiva ante el malestar, repetitiva y pasivamente focalizada en los síntomas psicopatológicos internalizantes como la ansiedad, depresión y la somatización. El objetivo fue identificar mediante una revisión sistemática los aportes investigativos entre los años 2010 al 2019 sobre la relación entre la rumiación cognitiva y la psicopatología internalizante, basados en los estamentos del modelo PRISMA. El periodo de selección fue del 09-08-2018 al 05-11-2018 en los idiomas inglés y español, en las bases de datos científicas como Science Direct, Psicodoc, Proquest, PsyArticles y Medline, en las que se tuvo en cuenta como descriptores principales la rumiación cognitiva y la psicopatología internalizante. Se recolectaron 11730 artículos de los cuales se evaluaron 103 artículos de texto completo para elegibilidad, con 31 artículos finales incluidos en la revisión sistemática. Se encontró que la RC es un predictor clave de los trastornos de ansiedad y depresión, mientras que en somatización no hay evidencia concluyente, únicamente en el dolor crónico. Se encontró también que la RC se presenta más en mujeres y en todas las edades. A nivel explicativo, se asocia a estilos cognitivos disfuncionales como factores de vulnerabilidad y mantenimiento de la psicopatología internalizante.

https://doi.org/10.36793/psicumex.v10i2.345
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