El cerebro social y místico en el paciente dependiente de sustancias

Palabras clave

Trastorno por uso de sustancias
red de apoyo social

Cómo citar

Franco, G., Migliaro, M., Molina, L., Méndez-Díaz, M., Ruiz-Contreras, A. E., Cortés-Morelos, J., … Prospéro-García, O. E. (2021). El cerebro social y místico en el paciente dependiente de sustancias. Psicumex, 11(1), 1–31. https://doi.org/10.36793/psicumex.v11i1.393



El humano tiene un sistema cerebral que se activa cuando interacciona con otras personas que es el cerebro social, y otro cuando siente tener una experiencia mística que es el cerebro místico. Postulamos que ambos sistemas contribuyen a facilitar la integración del individuo a sus grupos de apoyo, y dicha integración le permite evitar o controlar trastornos psiquiátricos, como el trastorno de uso de sustancias (TUS). La falla en esta integración, como ocurre debido a una crianza negligente o abusiva, y/o viviendo dentro una red de apoyo social deficiente, vulnera al sujeto a padecer el TUS. En cuanto a la pertenencia a grupos religiosos, la observancia de su liturgia contribuye al bienestar físico y mental de los creyentes, resultando importante para prevenir el TUS y en muchos casos para rehabilitar al paciente que lo solicita. El objetivo de esta revisión es discutir las evidencias del involucro del cerebro social y del cerebro místico en la integración de una persona a sus grupos de apoyo, así como la falla de estos sistemas en conseguir dicho objetivo, como factores de riesgo para desarrollar o mantener trastornos psiquiátricos y el TUS.



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