El cerebro social y místico en el paciente dependiente de sustancias
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Palabras clave

Substance use disorder
child rearing
social network
religion
addiction Trastorno por uso de sustancias
Crianza
red de apoyo social
religión
adicción

Cómo citar

Franco, G., Migliaro, M., Molina, L., Méndez-Díaz, M., Ruiz-Contreras, A. E., Cortés-Morelos, J., Herrera-Solís, A., & Prospéro-García, O. E. (2021). El cerebro social y místico en el paciente dependiente de sustancias. Psicumex, 11(1), 1–31. https://doi.org/10.36793/psicumex.v11i1.393

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Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0.

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Resumen

El humano tiene un sistema cerebral que se activa cuando interacciona con otras personas que es el cerebro social, y otro cuando siente tener una experiencia mística que es el cerebro místico. Postulamos que ambos sistemas contribuyen a facilitar la integración del individuo a sus grupos de apoyo, y dicha integración le permite evitar o controlar trastornos psiquiátricos, como el trastorno de uso de sustancias (TUS). La falla en esta integración, como ocurre debido a una crianza negligente o abusiva, y/o viviendo dentro una red de apoyo social deficiente, vulnera al sujeto a padecer el TUS. En cuanto a la pertenencia a grupos religiosos, la observancia de su liturgia contribuye al bienestar físico y mental de los creyentes, resultando importante para prevenir el TUS y en muchos casos para rehabilitar al paciente que lo solicita. El objetivo de esta revisión es discutir las evidencias del involucro del cerebro social y del cerebro místico en la integración de una persona a sus grupos de apoyo, así como la falla de estos sistemas en conseguir dicho objetivo, como factores de riesgo para desarrollar o mantener trastornos psiquiátricos y el TUS.

https://doi.org/10.36793/psicumex.v11i1.393
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